Cutting of diamond is the practice of reformation of a diamond from a rough stone into a precious gem. Specialized knowledge, tools, equipment and techniques are required for this process. In 1375 in Nuremberg, Germany a group of members was associated in a team for diamond cutting and polishing called as diamond air are responsible for the achievements of different types of “cut”.
It is history when once India was the only place where the diamond was produced until other countries started digging out mines to get this precious stone. But still today around the world in any jewelry showroom you will find 9 out of 10 diamond set which is polished and cut from India. However, India supplies the finished product to the whole world.
Overall processing of diamond is concentrated in few cities around the world. Antwerp, Tel Aviv, and Dubai are the trade centers of the diamond. There are few processes of diamond cutting which are as below:
The retention process of weight, analyze the roughage of diamond to procure the exact combination of the finished stones to get the value in per carat. With an octahedron (eight faces) crystal, preferably the intelligent round and square cuts are considered. Two stones are rottenly cut from one octahedron crystal. The crystals which don’t have proper shapes are used to give fancy cut i.e. except round and square.
Though techniques are modern to cut and polish a diamond crystal still cutters cannot deny the weight loss about 50%. So to avoid the dramatic loss the cutters compromise with the perfect shape and symmetry for weight preservation.
Preservation of color
Another crucial method is to retain the color of the stone. The diamonds which passes the 3 C test i.e. Cut, Color and Clarity are the finest ones and very expensive. The more transparency and shine the more demand gainer, for which the polishers have to give their best by using dynamic tools and equipment.
Minimizing the Turn Around Time
We are very much aware of the success of any product or business lies upon TAT to what extent. Pro-active in plans for selling diamond quickly is also to be considered on priority. Cutting plans in advance will yield fast selling of diamond which will give quick return on investment.
The process which is used to dig out a finished gem from diamond rough pieces by separating into other pieces is known as cleaving.
In this process an equipment named spinning axle is used to set the two diamonds turns in opposite directions so that they grind against one another to get the round shaped diamond.
Facts to be shared:
One of the development can be seen in women empowerment today that women are the workers in cutting and polishing departments of the diamond. It is amazing to know that a cluster of tribal women from the villages of Surat, Dang and Tapi districts have taken up this work. The world’s largest polishing and cutting center of diamond is in Surat(Gujarat).